for the Home
time according to the prophecy of Daniel, was the sanctuary to be
"And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred
days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed." Daniel 8:14.
Daniel when the vision of this chapter was given?
"And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I
was at Shushan in the palace, which is in the province of Elam; and I
saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai." Daniel 8:2.
appeared to the prophet?
"Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood
before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were
high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up
last." Daniel 8:3.
appeared upon the scene?
"And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west
on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat
had a notable horn between his eyes. And he came to the ram that had
two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto
him in the fury of his power. And I saw him come close unto the ram, and
he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his
two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but
he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none
that could deliver the ram out of his hand." Daniel 8:5-7.
happened after the prophet heard the time announced for the cleansing of
"And it came to pass, when I, even I Daniel, had seen the vision,
and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me as the
appearance of a man." Daniel 8:15.
command did Daniel hear given to this angel?
"And I heard a man's voice between the banks of Ulai, which
called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand the
vision." Daniel 8:16.
the first words that the angel then uttered before the prophet?
"So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid,
and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man:
for at the time of the end shall be the vision." Daniel 8:17.
the angel then proceed to fulfill his mission to Daniel?
"The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of
Media and Persia. And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great
horn that is between his eyes is the first king." Daniel 8:20,21.
of the vision did the angel say was to be shut up, and why?
"And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told
is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for many
days." Daniel 8:26.
Daniel say about the vision?
"And I Daniel fainted, and was sick certain days; afterward I
rose up, and did the king's business; and I was astonished at the vision,
but none understood it." Daniel 8:27.
Daniel said nothing of his astonishment at what he had seen, so that the
king's courtiers did not perceive it, what did he do?
"In the first
year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was
made king over the realm of the Chaldeans; In the first year of his reign
I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of
the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy
years in the desolations of Jerusalem." Daniel 9:1,2.
In view of
this, what did the prophet do?
"And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and
supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:" Daniel 9:3.
Daniel's prayer, showed that he was still anxious about the sanctuary
"Now therefore, O our God, hear the prayer of thy servant, and
his supplications, and cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctuary
that is desolate, for the Lord's sake." Daniel 9:17.
the Lord regard his petition?
"Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel,
whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly
swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation." Daniel
Gabriel tell Daniel?
"At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came
forth, and I am come to show thee; for thou art greatly beloved: therefore
understand the matter, and consider the vision." Daniel 9:23.
application did Gabriel proceed to make of the vision?
"Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy
holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to
make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting
righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the
most Holy." Daniel 9:24.
NOTES. - Seventy weeks
are equal to 490 days. These were to be "cut off" from the
vision Daniel was considering, that is, from the 2300 days. The days in
this prophecy, uniformly with those of other prophecies, represent years.
If, then, the 490 years are "cut off" from the 2300 years, it
follows that the 490 years begin at the same time as the 2300.
the angel say that the seventy weeks (490 years) were to commence?
"Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the
commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince
shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be
built again, and the wall, even in troublous times." Daniel 9:25.
NOTE. - Sixty-nine of
the seventy weeks were to reach "unto the Messiah the Prince."
Messiah is Christ, "the Anointed." Messiah is the Hebrew word,
and Christ is the Greek word, meaning anointed. See margin of John 1:41.
anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who
went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil;
for God was with him." Acts 10:38.
time did Jesus receive the special anointing of the Holy Spirit?
"Now when all
the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized,
and praying, the heaven was opened. And the Holy Ghost descended in a
bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which
said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased." Luke
Jesus say shortly after this?
Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to
preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted,
to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the
blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised," Luke 4:18.(
See also Mark 1:15).
NOTE. - It is evident
that the sixty-nine weeks (483 years) were to reach to the baptism of
Christ, as that was the time of His anointing by the Holy Spirit. John the
Baptist began his work in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius (
Luke 3:1-3). Tiberius began to reign conjointly with his father in the
year 12 A.D., two years before his father's death ("Prideaux's
Connection," vol. 1, page 246). The fifteenth year of his reign would
therefore be 27 A.D., the time when Jesus was anointed, at His baptism.
When was a
decree made to restore and build Jerusalem?
"This Ezra went up from Babylon; and he was a ready scribe in the
law of Moses, which the LORD God of Israel had given: and the king granted
him all his request, according to the hand of the LORD his God upon him.
And there went up some of the children of Israel, and of the priests, and
the Levites, and the singers, and the porters, and the Nethinims, unto
Jerusalem, in the seventh year of Artaxerxes the king. And he came
to Jerusalem in the fifth month, which was in the seventh year of the
king." Ezra 7:6-8.
close of 483 years, in 27 A.D., one week, or seven years of the 490 yet
remained. What was to be done in the midst of that week?
"And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in
the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to
cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it
desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured
upon the desolate." Daniel 9:27.
NOTE. - As the
sixty-nine weeks ended in the fall of 27 A.D., the middle of the
seventieth week, or the three and a half years, would end in the spring of
31 A.D., when Christ was crucified, and by His death caused to cease, or
brought to an end, the sacrifices and oblations of the earthly sanctuary.
Three and a half years more (the last part of the seventieth week) would
end in the autumn of 34 A.D. This brings us to the end of the 490 years
which were "cut off" from the 2300. There still remain 1810
years, which, if added to 34 A.D., which takes us to 1844 A.D.
did the angel say would then take place?
"And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred
days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed." Daniel 8:14.
NOTE. - In other
words, the great closing work of Christ for the world, the atonement, or
the investigative judgment, will at that time commence. The typical day of
atonement for Israel occupied but one day in a year. This may occupy but a
correspondingly short time. Already that work has been going on for many
years, and must soon close. Who is ready to meet its decisions?
THE 2300 DAY
Prophecy of the Bible is given in Daniel 8. This chapter closely connects
with Daniel 7 and 9 and should be studied together with them.
(written 553-552 B.C.) reveals world history from Daniel's time down to
the Second Advent of Christ. In vision, Daniel sees 4 world empires
symbolized as beasts, followed by a little horn power (Daniel 7:1-8, 15-21,
23-25). The Investigative Judgment then convenes in heaven (Daniel 7:9-10,
13, 22, 26) and after that history ends with the Second Advent of Christ
(Daniel 7:14, 27-28).
in Daniel 7 parallel the parts of the metal image of Daniel 2. The lion in
chapter 7 is Babylon (605-538 B.C.). The bear is Medo-Persia (538-334
B.C.). The leopard beast is Grecia (334-301 B.C., at which time it becomes
divided into four kingdoms which continue on until around 168 B.C.). The
terrible beast is Pagan Rome (168 B.C. to the 5th Century A.D., when it becomes broken into ten kingdoms). The little horn is Papal Rome, which
gained full power by 538 A.D., after uprooting three kingdoms (the
Heruli, Vandals and Ostrogoths).
DANIEL 8 is
composed of two major parts. The first is an EVENT prophecy that closely
parallels the prophecy of Daniel 7. This prophecy is about two beasts and
a little horn that follows them (Daniel 8:1-12, 20-25). The first beast, a
ram, is Medo-Persia (538-334 B.C.), and the he-goat which struck it down
was Grecia (334-168 B.C.). The "notable horn" was Alexander the
Great who, before his death in 323, carved out the largest empire in
history up to that time - in only ten years. When he was broken off in the
prime of life, the empire divided into four sections. The little horn is
Pagan Rome which, historians tell us, was taken over by Papal Rome. Much
of Daniel 7 and 8 (7:8, 19-26 and 8:9-12, 23-25) is
given to a concern over this power which would speak blasphemies (7:8, 20;
8:11), and seek to kill God's people (7:21, 25; 8:10, 24-25), cast down
the truth (8:12, 25), tear God's Sanctuary down from heaven (8:11), and
even try to change the Law of God (7:25). Revelation 13 (read verses 6-7,
for example) deals with this same little horn power - the Papacy.
But there is
a second part to Daniel 8: This is a TIME prophecy (Dan. 8: 13-14, 26).
The prophecy itself is given in Daniel 8: 14. "Unto two thousand and
three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed." Careful
reading of this chapter reveals that while the angel Gabriel was told to
explain the vision of Daniel 8 to the prophet (8:16), yet only the event
prophecy was explained (8:17-25), while the time prophecy was only
referred to (8:26). Daniel nearly fainted under the burden (8:27), and the
prayer of Daniel 9 is the result.
begins with the prophet's prayer for guidance and help for his people (Dan
9:1-19). Gabriel, the one whom he had seen in his earlier vision of Daniel
8 (9:21), is then sent in answer to his prayer (9:20), and in order to
complete the explanation (9:22-23).
WEEK PROPHECY is then given (Dan 9:24-27). Seventy weeks are
"determined" ("cut off' in Hebrew-cut off from the larger
2300 day [year] prophecy) for the Jews. Therefore, the first part of
the 2300 Day prophecy of Daniel 8:14 is time allocated to the Jews to
conclude their probation as God's specially favored nation.
prophecy, a day equals a year (Num 14:34; Ezek 4:6). The decree of
Artaxerxes, given in his seventh year as king-in 457 B.C. (Dan 9:25; Ezra
6:14; 7:6-8), restoring the Jewish government, begins this vast time
prophecy of 2300 years. The first 70 weeks (Dan 9:24-27) of this prophecy,
cut off or allotted to the Jews, equals 490 years. The walls of Jerusalem
were rebuilt in 1 week or 49 years (408 B.C.). Another 62 weeks brings us
to the anointing of Christ for His mission in 27 A.D. 483 years are now
past; only 1 week remains of the 70. In the midst of this week (Dan 9:26-27), 31 A.D., Messiah is cut off or crucified. A second half-week of
3 1/2 years brings us to 34 A.D., when at the stoning of Stephen the gospel
is taken to the Gentiles.
In 34 A.D.
the 70 weeks, or 490 years, is completed. 1810 years remains to be
fulfilled in this longest of Bible time prophecies - the 2300 year
prophecy of Daniel 8:14. At its termination in 1844 A.D. began the
"cleansing of the sanctuary" predicted in this important
passage, Daniel 8:14.
Jesus is our
High Priest in the heavenly Sanctuary (that the earthly was patterned
after). In 1844 began His final work within it, prior to His Second Advent
to the earth for His people.