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Atonement in the
At the death of
Christ, what miracle signified that the priestly work of the earthly
sanctuary was finished?
"Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the
ghost. And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the
top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent."
Where has the work
of the sanctuary been conducted since the ascension of Christ?
"Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have
such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the
Majesty in the heavens." Hebrews 8:1.
Who is this high
"But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come,
by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to
say, not of this building." Hebrews 9:11.
Who erected this
heavenly tabernacle, of which Christ is the minister?
"A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which
the Lord pitched, and not man." Hebrews 8:2.
Could Christ be a
priest while He was on earth, and before the old priesthood ceased?
"For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest,
seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law:"
What did the
service of the earthly priests signify?
"For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that
there are priests that offer gifts according to the law: Who serve unto
the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God
when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou
make all things according to the pattern showed to thee in the
mount." Hebrews 8:4,5.
What was the
earthly sanctuary designed to be?
"The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of
all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet
standing: Which was a figure for the time then present, in which
were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did
the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience." Hebrews 9:8,9.
Are there different
apartments of the heavenly sanctuary in which Christ ministers?
"For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with
hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself,
now to appear in the presence of God for us:" Hebrews 9:24.
Does the heavenly
sanctuary contain an ark of the testament (covenant)?NOTE. - The
priestly work in the earthly sanctuary foreshadowed the work in the
heavenly sanctuary. In the earthly, the atonement was performed on the
last day of the ceremonial year. All who did not then have their sins
atoned for, were put to death, and the camp was cleansed from sin. The
atonement day of judgment for Israel, as at that time sin and sinners were
separated from the camp, and the people whose sins had been atoned for
were free from sin, and could enter upon the services of the new year
clean in the sight of God. This work was kept up year after year. In the
heavenly, the sacrifice is offered but once, and but one atonement can be
made, which must take place at the time assigned of God for it to occur.
And when the great atonement has been made, God's people will be forever
free from sin, and sinners will have been forever banished from the
universe. This will be, as in the type, a day of judgment, with this
difference: that was a temporal and shadowy judgment, this will be the
final and eternal judgment.
"And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was
seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings,
and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail."
sanctuary was cleansed by a high priest Is it necessary for the heavenly
sanctuary also to come to a time of cleansing, or purifying?
"It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the
heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things
themselves with better sacrifices than these." Hebrews 9:23.
From what will it
be cleansed, or purified?
"Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest
entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; For then
must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now
once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by
the sacrifice of himself." Hebrews 9:25,26. For the counterpart of
this, in the type, see Lev.16:30.
When the earthly
high priest came out to the people after making the atonement, how did he
transfer the sins of the people from himself?
"And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live
goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel,
and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the
head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man
into the wilderness:" Leviticus 16:21.
How will it be when
Christ has finished the atonement for his people?NOTE. - That
is, to those who stand waiting and watching for His appearance as did the
people of Israel for their high priest to appear to them, Christ will
appear to His people; and at that time He will have laid upon the head of
the great scapegoat (Satan) the sins of His people, which have been atoned
for. Then Satan will bear these sins (as did the typical scapegoat) to an
uninhabited region, the desolated earth while the saints will be enjoying
the glories of heaven during the one thousand years. When will the sins of
the righteous be blotted out? "Repent ye therefore, and be converted,
that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall
come from the presence of the Lord." Acts 3:19.
"So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and
unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without
sin unto salvation." Hebrews 9:28.
follows the blotting out of sins?
"And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached
unto you: Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of
all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets
since the world began." Acts 3:20,21.
While Christ as
high priest is still before the Father, what is given Him?
"I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man
came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they
brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and
glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should
serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass
away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed." Daniel
And when He comes
to earth; what is His purpose?
"For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout,
with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead
in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be
caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the
air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord." 1 Thessalonians 4:16,17.
But before any are
thus raised at Christ's coming, what decision must be rendered in their
that the typical sanctuary service is fully met in the work of Christ. And
as the atonement day of the old dispensation was really a day of judgment,
so the atonement work of Christ will include an investigation of the cases
of His people. All who shall be "accounted worthy" to have a
place in His kingdom will be called to dwell with Him when He comes again
to earth to gather His people.
"But they which shall be accounted
worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead,
neither marry, nor are given in marriage:" Luke 20:35.
Is there a
specified time for the cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary?
"And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then
shall the sanctuary be cleansed." Daniel 8:14.
How may one know
that this does not refer to the earthly sanctuary?
"So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid,
and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for
at the time of the end shall be the vision." Daniel 8:17.