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Given at Sinai
How does Nehemiah
describe the giving of the law at Sinai?
"Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them
from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes
and commandments. And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and
commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy
servant." Nehemiah 9:13,14.
What was the
primary advantage possessed by the Hebrews?
"What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of
circumcision? Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were
committed the oracles of God." Romans 3:1,2.
Before the law was
given at Sinai, how did Moses render judgment to the people?
"When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between
one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his
laws." Exodus 18:16.
In the wilderness,
before reaching Sinai, how did Moses explain the absence of the manna on
the seventh day?
"And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To
morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which
ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which
remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. And they laid
it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was
there any worm therein. And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a
sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field. Six days
ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath,
in it there shall be none." Exodus 16:23-26.
When some of the
people went out to gather manna on the seventh day, what did the Lord say
"And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my
commandments and my laws?" Exodus 16:28.
evidence do we have that the moral law of Ten Commandments existed before
it was proclaimed at Mount Sinai?
"For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by
the obedience of one shall many be made righteous." Romans 5:19.
"Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the
transgression of the law." 1 John 3:4.
How were the Ten
Commandments first presented to the people at Sinai?
"And God spake all these words, saying, I am the LORD thy God,
which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of
bondage. Thou shalt have no other gods before me." Exodus 20:1-3.
How was it then
written down as a permanent record?
"And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing
with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone,
written with the finger of God." Exodus 31:18.
NOTE. - The law
of God, as well as the knowledge of creation, the plan of redemption, and
the experiences of the early patriarchs, had been handed down from father
to son until this time, but not in written form. He wrote the Ten
Commandments upon two tables of stone with His own finger.
How did Moses show
that the children of Israel had broken their part of the covenant between
them and God?
"And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that
he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast
the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount."
With what exactness
did the Lord write the law the second time?
"And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing,
the ten commandments, which the LORD spake unto you in the mount
out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and the LORD gave
them unto me." Deuteronomy 10:4.
Where did Moses
place these two tables of stone?
"And I turned myself and came down from the mount, and put the
tables in the ark which I had made; and there they be, as the LORD
commanded me." Deuteronomy 10:5.
What other law was
also given at this time?
"And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end of writing the
words of this law in a book, until they were finished."
NOTE. - Besides
the Ten Commandment law, the Lord gave to Moses instruction concerning the
sanctuary service, which was ceremonial, and certain civil laws regulating
the subjects of the nation. These laws were written by Moses in a book,
and are called the law of Moses, whereas the other law was written on
tables of stone with the finger of God.
Why did the Lord
call His people out of the land of Egypt?
"And he brought forth his people with joy, and his chosen with
gladness: And gave them the lands of the heathen: and they inherited the
labour of the people; That they might observe his statutes, and keep his
laws. Praise ye the LORD." Psalms 105:43-45.
How were they to
teach the law to their children?
"And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and
shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest
by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up."
What promise to
Israel hinged on their keeping the instructions that He had given them?
"Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my
covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people:
for all the earth is mine: "And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of
priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak
unto the children of Israel." Exodus 19:5,6.
Was this promise
made to the Jews alone?
"Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country,
and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will
show thee: And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee,
and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: And I will bless
them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all
families of the earth be blessed." Genesis 12:1-3.
"And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs
according to the promise." Galatians 3:29.
What reveals that
the Ten Commandment law, given at Sinai, is the law for the Christian?
"For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one
point, he is guilty of all. "For he that said, Do not commit
adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if
thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law. "So speak ye,
and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty." James
What is the wages
"For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is
eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord." Romans 6:23.
"But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not
eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely
die." Genesis 2:17.
"Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the
soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die."
How did death enter
"Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death
by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have
sinned." Romans 5:12.
God is merciful,
but will His mercy clear the guilty?
"The LORD is longsuffering, and of great mercy, forgiving
iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing the guilty,
visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and
fourth generation." Numbers 14:18.(See also Exodus 34:5-7.)
What is the result
of willfully sinning against God?
"For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge
of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, But a
certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall
devour the adversaries. He that despised Moses' law died without mercy
under two or three witnesses: Of how much sorer punishment,
suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the
Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he
was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of
grace?" Hebrews 10:26-29.
To whom is the
execution of judgment given?
"Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place
unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay,
saith the Lord." Romans 12:19.
"For as the Father hath life in himself; so
hath he given to the Son to have life in himself; And hath given him
authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man." John
5:26,27. (See also Jude 14-15.)
way of life do many pursue?
"Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore
the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil." Ecclesiastes
What message has
God sent to men by His appointed messengers?
"Say ye to the righteous, that it shall be well with him:
for they shall eat the fruit of their doings. Woe unto the wicked! it
shall be ill with him: for the reward of his hands shall be given
him." Isaiah 3:10,11.
"Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did
beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to
God." 2 Corinthians 5:20. (See 2 Timothy
How can man escape
the penalty of sin?
"For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal
life through Jesus Christ our Lord." Romans 6:23.